Friday 150807

Workout

Power Clean – Heavy Single

FSquat – 80% of that heavy single x4 x4

From The Atlantic

The Age of the Robot Worker Will Be Worse for Men

robot

Rosie the Robot. As it turns out, not a realistic vision of the future.meunierd / Shutterstock

The jobs that are least vulnerable to automation tend to be held by women.

Many economists and technologists believe the world is on the brink of a new industrial revolution, in which advances in the field of artificial intelligence will obsolete human labor at an unforgiving pace. Two Oxford researchers recently analyzed the skills required for more than 700 different occupations to determine how many of them would be susceptible to automation in the near future, and the news was not good: They concluded that machines are likely to take over 47 percent of today’s jobs within a few decades.

This is a dire prediction, but one whose consequences will not fall upon society evenly. A close look at the data reveals a surprising pattern: The jobs performed primarily by women are relatively safe, while those typically performed by men are at risk.

It should come as no surprise that despite progress on equality in the labor force, many common professions exhibit a high degree of gender bias. For instance, of the 3 million truck drivers in the U.S., more than 95 percent are men; of the nearly 3 million secretaries and administrative assistants, more than 95 percent are women. Autonomous vehicles are a not-too-distant possibility, and when they arrive, those drivers’ jobs will evaporate; office-support workers suffer no such imminent threat.
This pattern holds for many of the most gender-biased occupations. Men hold 97 percent of the 2.5 million U.S. construction and carpentry jobs. The Oxford study estimates that these male workers stand more than a 70 percent chance of being replaced by robotic workers. By contrast, women hold 93 percent of the registered nurse positions. Their risk of obsolescence is vanishingly small: .009 percent.

Nearly half of today’s jobs are likely to become obsolete in the not-too-distant future.
What is causing this pattern? The skills exhibited by the coming wave of intelligent machines are better suited to occupations currently dominated by men. Many of the jobs held by men involve perception and manipulation, often in conjunction with physical exertion, such as swinging a hammer or trimming trees. The latest mobile robots combine advanced-sensory systems with dexterous manipulators to successfully perform these sorts of tasks.

Other, more cerebral male-dominated professions aren’t secure either. Many occupations that might appear to require experience and judgment—such as commodity traders—are being outdone by increasingly sophisticated machine-learning programs capable of quickly teasing subtle patterns out of large volumes of data.

By contrast, women typically work in more chaotic, unstructured environments, where the ability to read people’s emotions and intentions are critical to success. If your job involves distracting a patient while delivering an injection, guessing whether a crying baby wants a bottle or a diaper change, or expressing sympathy to calm an irate customer, you needn’t worry that a robot will take your job, at least for the foreseeable future.

So what will the new machines be good at? For starters, they will be well-suited to tasks that are easily specified and offer objective criteria for success. These features permit an engineer to codify requirements in a programmatic form and measure the results. It’s easy to understand what a robotic housepainter is supposed to accomplish and to see if the job has been done correctly; it’s harder to assess whether a dementia patient might be more comfortable with a warmer blanket. Computers also excel at tasks that benefit from consistency, attention, and objectivity, such as washing windows, managing the flow of air traffic, or assigning taxi drivers to trip requests.

Skills exhibited by intelligent machines are better suited to occupations currently dominated by men.
Another characteristic affecting a job’s security is the breadth of skills it requires. Computers aren’t usually designed to replace workers; they typically automate specific tasks, making a given worker more productive. But when an automated system can match the entire range of that worker’s talents, his or her services are no longer needed. So the broader and more varied your duties, the harder it will be to replace you.

In short, today’s typical women’s work is what will predominate in future. On a mass scale, this pattern may result in an involuntary shift in the division of labor, with husbands tending to household duties after dropping their wives off at the office. Superficially, that may sound cheery, but the reality will be much grimmer, as families struggle to make ends meet on one income, and men struggle with the emotional upheaval of no longer having a place in the world of work.

Thursday 140612

Workout

Clean – Heavy Single

MetCon

“Jack”

10-115 M / 75 Flbs Push Press (Scaled M -95 / scaled F-55)
10-Box Jumps 24/20
10-KB Swings (M-53 lbs/F-35 lbs)

Compare to: Tuesday 140218

From The Huffington Post

Are All Calories Created Equal?

DIET
The No. 1 rule for weight loss is that the body needs to burn more calories than it consumes. So, if the formula for losing weight is so simple, why do so many diets fail? As it turns out, current research shows that while the quantity of calories plays a large role in the science of metabolism, the quality of the calories also matters for whether or not a dieter loses weight. While critics and consumers debate the causes of the obesity epidemic, one thing is for certain: Experts agree that since the body uses calories from different nutrients in different ways, the key to successful weight loss is paying attention to more than just the numbers on a box.

The Science of Calories & Everyday Eating

In the most basic terms, all calories are created equal. A calorie is simply a unit for measuring energy. But the way in which the body uses those calories is what accounts for different weight loss results. The origin of a calorie determines how the body digests and stores that energy. For example, the body uses calories from protein to help maintain and repair muscles, organs and tissues. Carbohydrates are a major energy source for the body, while fats both help protect organs and help with the absorption of important vitamins. All three nutrients are essential, but the body metabolizes them very differently.

Ladies and Gentlemen, Start Your Engines!

Retrofit weight loss advisory board member Dr. James Hill, Ph.D. compares the efficiency of calories to engine fuel, noting that there is no “magic formula” for weight loss.

“The human body is a complex system, and carbohydrates and fat do not always have the same effect on different Read more Thursday 140612

Monday 140602

Workout

for 20:00 minutes

Odd minutes –  5-lbs Power Cleans (135M/95F)

Even minutes – 6-Bench Press Reps (your 1RM Press max)

Send this to your parents!  From USA Today

 

Exercise program keeps older adults on their feet

In old age, losing the ability to walk a short distance often means losing independence. Now researchers say they have found a treatment that, for some, can prevent that loss of mobility.

The prescription: a moderate exercise program. The program of walking, strength training, stretches and balance exercises was tested on sedentary adults ages 70 to 89, all of whom started out in declining physical condition. Results were published Tuesday in the medical journal JAMA.

While the exercise program was not a miracle cure – it did not keep people out of the hospital or prevent deaths – it did translate into more people staying on their feet over the course of the 2½-year study.

“This is the first study to show that a specific program of physical activity can work,” to keep vulnerable older people mobile, says Evan Hadley, director of the geriatrics division at the National Institute on Aging. The federal agency helped fund the study. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute also contributed.

The study included more than 1,600 people at eight centers. At the start, all could walk at least 400 meters, about a quarter mile. But none were regular exercisers and all showed signs of physical decline, such as slow walking speed.

Half were assigned to the exercise program, which included sessions at research centers and at home. They gradually worked up to a routine that included 150 minutes of walking each week. The other half came to the centers for general health classes and served as a comparison group. All were checked every six months.

Result: The exercisers were 18% less likely to fail the 400-meter walk test at any check-up and 28% less likely to lose mobility for a sustained period (at least two check-ups).

That’s a big enough difference to matter in a lot of lives, says lead author Marco Pahor, a geriatrics researcher at the University of Florida, Gainesville.

“Losing mobility is so disruptive,” he says. “People who cannot walk a quarter of a mile cannot walk around their neighborhoods to socialize; they can’t go out and run their own errands.”

Many lose the ability to live in their longtime homes, says Andrea Cheville, a specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Cheville, who was not involved in the new research, says “it’s very exciting” to see something that helps maintain mobility.

But she says it’s disappointing that the program did not help people stay out of hospitals or thwart death. Future studies, she says, might look at whether a more vigorous exercise program or one more integrated with other health care might have greater benefits.

It’s also unclear who will pay for such exercise programs, which cost about $1,800 a person each year in the study. The study might lead some insurers to consider the potential value, Hadley says.

Many older adults might want to pursue such an exercise routine outside a formal program, but it’s essential they check with their doctors first, Hadley says.

“Conducting this on a broad scale is certainly going to be challenging,” says Steven Counsell, a geriatrics professor at Indiana University and president-elect of the American Geriatrics Society. But, he says, “What’s really refreshing is seeing that these people who are in their 70s and 80s and pretty inactive have so much to gain.”